state


state
I UK [steɪt] / US noun
Word forms "state":
singular state plural states
***
1) [countable, usually singular] the condition of something at a particular time
the state of:

We're collecting data on the state of the environment.

a state of:

The country is drifting into a state of chaos.

a sorry state (= a very bad condition):

The British transport system is in a bit of a sorry state.

a) a particular physical form that something has, especially when this can change

The curators believe the painting can be restored to its original state.

b) [singular] the physical or mental condition of someone at a particular time, usually when this is bad in some way

A friend found the girl in the street in a distressed state.

state of:

The impact seemed to startle him into a state of panic.

in an awful/dreadful/terrible state:

By the time he got home, he was in a terrible state.

2)
a) [countable] a nation, or a country
b) [countable] a region of a country that has its own government for some matters. A country that is divided into states is called a federal country

The State of Michigan had revoked the licence.

3) [uncountable] the government of a country

Should the state play a bigger role in industry?

The ruling banned the state-run news media from promoting political candidates.

See:
4) the States
informal the United States of America

be in/get into a (real) stateinformal to be/become very nervous or worried; informal to be in/start to be in a bad or untidy condition

She was out all night and her parents were in a real state.

By the end of the evening the room was in a real state.

See:

II UK [steɪt] / US verb [transitive]
Word forms "state":
present tense I/you/we/they state he/she/it states present participle stating past tense stated past participle stated
***
1) to express something in speech or writing, especially in a definite or formal way

"Jemma is going back with me," George stated firmly.

The candidates stated their case at a series of meetings.

state that:

He stated that the project would be completed by April.

state a fact/opinion:

I'm not making excuses: I'm simply stating a fact.

2) to give information

The conditions are clearly stated in the contract.


III UK [steɪt] / US adjective [only before noun]
Differences between British and American English: state:
In the UK, the adjective state usually means paid for by the government: a state pension. In the US, state usually refers to the individual states of the United States, or to their governments, laws, taxes etc: the state fair state income tax. In the UK and the US, state can also be a noun meaning a country or a national government: the member states of the EU.
1) a state occasion or event involves a country's government or head

The president is about to start a three-day state visit to Norway.

2) a state institution is one that is paid for and run by the government

His only income is a modest state pension.

All his children went to state schools.

3) taking place in or relating to a region of a country that has its own government for some matters

Five state elections will be held in March.


English dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • State — (st[=a]t), n. [OE. stat, OF. estat, F. [ e]tat, fr. L. status a standing, position, fr. stare, statum, to stand. See {Stand}, and cf. {Estate}, {Status}.] 1. The circumstances or condition of a being or thing at any given time. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • state — [steɪt] noun 1. [countable usually singular] the condition that someone or something is in at a particular time: • The property market is in a poor state. • I personally think the economy is in a worse state than the Government has been admitting …   Financial and business terms

  • state — n often attrib 1 a: a politically organized body of people usu. occupying a definite territory; esp: one that is sovereign b: the political organization that has supreme civil authority and political power and serves as the basis of government… …   Law dictionary

  • state — [stāt] n. [ME < OFr & L: OFr estat < L status, state, position, standing < pp. of stare, to STAND] 1. a set of circumstances or attributes characterizing a person or thing at a given time; way or form of being; condition [a state of… …   English World dictionary

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  • state — ► NOUN 1) the condition of someone or something at a particular time. 2) a nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government. 3) a community or area forming part of a federal republic. 4) (the States) the… …   English terms dictionary

  • state — It is usual to spell it with a capital initial letter when it refers to political entities, either nations (The State of Israel / a State visit), or parts of a federal nation (the State of Virginia / crossing the State border), and when it means… …   Modern English usage

  • State — State, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Stating}.] 1. To set; to settle; to establish. [R.] [1913 Webster] I myself, though meanest stated, And in court now almost hated. Wither. [1913 Webster] Who calls the council, states the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • State — (st[=a]t), a. 1. Stately. [Obs.] Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. Belonging to the state, or body politic; public. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English